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Peru: Cahuachi, the Sacred Nasca City – A Photo Essay

December 2, 2009

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Most people are familiar with the Nasca Lines, those wonderful geoglyphs that are properly appreciated only from the air.  Less famous is the city of Cahuachi, an adobe brick complex mostly visited now by grave robbers, who over the decades have trashed the innumerable burials in their relentless quest for gold.  Objects of great archeological value are lost to these huaceros, as they are called in Spanish.  During my visits there we often came across looters digging, and usually they would run upon our arrival.   An Italian team headed by Giuseppe Orefici has been working for years to excavate the city, unpaid by either the Peruvian government (naturally) or by their home institution in Italy.  Here are some photos of what the casual visitor can find.  The ruins are difficult to access, and require a long bumpy ride over dirt tracks, many kilometers from Nasca Town.  In 2001, the last time I visited Cahuachi, no road existed to the site.  Interestingly, the area is one of the last refuges of African-Peruvians, originally brought to the country as slaves.  They have their own culture, music, and way of life, but live outside the mainstream of society, looked down upon by Hispanics, Native Americans, and cholos alike.

1) Human bones from looted graves are omnipresent

2) Femur and skulls

3) We surprised a group of huaceros at this grave; they had smashed a chicha, or corn beer, pot in their hurry, but we pieced it back together and left it in place

4) Checking a looted grave

5) Portions of a body that had been wrapped in simple woven cloth

6) An exquisite piece of Nasca pottery depicting an orca, also smashed by robbers looking for more valuable objects

7) Examining a skull

Most famous of all the remains at Cahuachi is the so-called solar clock, a group of ancient huarango tree trunks, sunk into the ground in some kind of alignment.  Researchers have posited that this monument was used as a solar clock, or perhaps as a kind of drying rack for human bodies to assist in their mummification.

8) The Sun Clock, also known as El Estaquería in Spanish.   There used to be many more huarango wood posts; these were likely removed over the centuries for firewood or other less obvious purposes

A great number of pyramids dot the landscape,  too melted and devastated by the periodic El Nino rains to be obvious to the casual observer.

9) Almost nothing remains today of the city, except the mounds that once formed pyramids.  In the background you can see the oasis, home to the few African-Peruvians who remain in the area

10) Another strange sight – excavated burial at Chauchilla near Nasca.  Touristic titillation prevails

6 Comments leave one →
  1. John Ryan Recabar permalink
    December 4, 2009 3:56 am

    Hey kit, thank you for responding to my comment. i must say that the picture quality looks older than mid-90s. and you’re correct, the hair, the butterfly Ray Ban sunglasses, and the outfit of the people in the picture.

    Great blog.

    Greetings from the Philippines.

  2. December 3, 2009 4:47 pm


    Well, as far as memory serves, the pictures were taken in 1997, using a Nikon F2 with print film. I probably bought the film in Peru. The reason they may look a bit dated is because I have lost the negatives, and as I am sure you understand, prints don’t hold up very well in storage.

    But I am curious as to your conclusion. Was it the hair of our female Peruvian friend? The slight discoloration of the periphery of some of the pics due to water damage? Or the 1960ish attire of my fellow vegan travel agent, Howard, whom I took to see the site?

    Back in the 1990s, I doubt that Cahuachi saw more than a dozen visitors a month. In the 80s there would have been far fewer. Unfortunately in current times, the city’s reputation as a gold mine for looters has attracted a lot more attention.


    PS: Have you been to Cahuachi? It is a true archelological gem.

  3. John Ryan Recabar permalink
    December 3, 2009 3:31 pm

    these pictures are so 80s.


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